Sunday, July 24, 2016

Testing the New Main

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wingssail images-fredrick roswold
Bringing the Mainsail South

New Main-First Test Sail

Looking up the Mast


White Side of New Main

Used North #2 Genoa (this sail needs some work)

Proposed #1 Genoa Design

Phang Nga Bay image-john everingham
The Last Generation: The Golden Sails (we loved these sails)

image-rick taylor
Great Sailing on Banderas Bay

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Saturday, July 09, 2016

Making Halyards

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We decided to use this new Dyneema for our halyards

wingssail images-fredrick roswold
New Dyneema

One of the old halyards, the blue jib halyard, was pulled out of the mast to start the project.

Old Blue Wire and Rope Halyard

The first thing to do was to try to push a fid through the core. We got this far, but it was soon evident that going all the way was impossible.

Trying a fid

Note: What makes this process difficult is that it is similar to the old Chinese finger\puzzle trick. When trying to pass one rope through the inside of another, if the outside rope is pulled a little bit, it squeezes on the one on the inside and which jams and cannot be pulled any further. Any snag or lump, even a piece of tape, on the inside rope can cause the outside one to squeeze. This is why we used a string, which is too small to cause a jam, or a very smooth joint when connecting any line which would be used to pull another through a core or a cover.

After some other tries, we decided to use an old antenna to lead a string through. The ball on the end was easy to guide through the middle of the core. (One issue with the fid was that it often snagged a yarn and went on the wrong side, jamming the process.)

Antenna Ball

The antenna could easily be pushed through the Dyneema core.

Pushing into the core

A string was tied to the Antenna and it was tied to the filler, using a very smooth and tapered knot covered with smooth tape.

String is Tied to core

The string, tied to the antenna was soon being pulled into, and through, the Dyneema. This string was then used to pull the filler into the Dyneema.

String going into core

Once the filler was inside the Dyneema we pulled the Dyneema, with the filler inside it, into the cover by pulling it with the old polyester core. Note how the Dyneema is sewed to the old white core. This was the only way we could prevent the joint from jamming.

Cores fastened together

Pulling 130 feet of bulked Dyneema into the cover required lots of "milking" which was best done on the dock with all the lines stretched out and the one going inside tied off to the dock at its end.

wingssail images-judy jensen
Working on the dock

I used gloves and worked for a while milking the cover over the Dyneema.

wingssail images-judy jensen
Milking the cover

When everything else was done, and the splices finished, I installed the shackle.

Shackle installed

And added a tail (white) and a reeving eye for putting the halyard into or out of the mast.

Reeving eye on the tail

Here is a finished halyard, the port spinnaker halyard (red).

Finished Red Halyard

The cover and filler start where the halyard goes into the sheet stopper when fully hoisted. The splice to bury the cover (the taper) is visible.

Sheet Stopper and taper

Not easy to see, (an not, I guess, very informative even if you could see it, here are four new halyards shackled to the boat.

Four New Halyards



This little pile of wire is what we took off the boat. It's much heavier than the Dyneema we put on.

Old Wire

We know there will be problems with this conversion, ones we didn't think of. Here is the first we discovered: If you accidentally let go of a halyard now, you have a real problem. Previously if you let go of a halyard it would simply dangle out to the leeward side of the boat until somebody grabbed it. Now the rope portion is much heavier than the Dyneema and the shackle so if you let go of the shackle, the rope, being heavier, immediately pulls the halyard to the top of the mast. If we do this somebody will have to go aloft and pull it down. Ouch!


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